Northwest Climate and Related Data Resources
The Northwest Climate Science Center (NW CSC) is committed to sharing data resources that can help natural and cultural resource managers respond to the challenges of climate change. The climate tools and data repositories below are organized by topics of importance to the Northwest community. Also included are links to species and ecosystem vulnerability assessments and climate adaptation databases that can help support local, landscape, or regional planning and adaptation efforts.
Climate and Atmosphere
This interagency resource sponsored by the U.S. Global Change Research Program details the climate change-related datasets associated with the Third National Climate Assessment (2014). Datasets vary between historical data and future projections, and vary between easy-to-use and very complex.
Climate Data Online (CDO) is managed by NOAA and provides free access to NCDC's archive of global historical weather and climate data in addition to station history information. The website provides mapping tools that allows you to download data at various spatial scales.
The PRISM Climate Group gathers climate observations from a wide range of monitoring networks, applies sophisticated quality control measures, and develops spatial climate datasets to reveal short- and long-term climate patterns. The resulting datasets incorporate a variety of modeling techniques and are available at multiple spatial/temporal resolutions, covering the period from 1895 to the present.
NOAA Regional Climate Centers (RCC) - such as the Desert Research Institute - deliver climate services at national, regional and state levels working with NOAA partners in the National Climatic Data Center, National Weather Service, the American Association of State Climatologists, the Regional Sciences and Assessment Program, and other NOAA Research Institutes, the Department of Interior Climate Science Centers and Landscape Conservation Cooperatives.
Future Climate Projections and Modeling Tools
The Global Climate Change Viewer (GCCV) is used to visualize future temperature and precipitation changes simulated by global climate models in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). The application allows the user to visualize projected climate change (temperature and precipitation) for each country, for all available models and all Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) emission scenarios (2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5).
This archive contains fine spatial resolution translations of climate projections over the contiguous United States (U.S.) developed using two downscaling techniques (monthly BCSD Figure 1, and daily BCCA Figure 2), CMIP3 hydrologic projections over the western U.S. (roughly the western U.S. Figure 3), and CMIP5 hydrology projections over the contiguous U.S. corresponding to monthly BCSD climate projections.
Panoply is a cross-platform application offered by NASA that plots geo-gridded and other arrays from netCDF, HDF, GRIB, and other datasets. With Panoply 4 you can: slice and plot arrays from larger multidimensional variables, combine two geo-gridded arrays in one plot by differencing, summing or averaging, plot lon-lat data on a global or regional map using any of over 100 map projections or make a zonal average line plot, save plots as numerous file types, and more.
The USGS GeoData Portal (GDP) is the official home of NW CSC modelling project data. The GDP is administered by the USGS Center for Integrated Data Analytics and it enables both access to data as well as a mapping environment to better view the models. Includes data such as the Western US Hydroclimate Scenarios Project, funded by the NW CSC.
Part of the Goddard Center’s Data Cookbook, this tutorial shows how to import a gridded model or satellite (Level 3 or Level 4) data file in netCDF format into ArcGIS. Satellite observation and climate model data become more and more widely used in GIS. ArcGIS is one of the dominant software packages in the GIS community. netCDF format is not a traditionally used GIS format although it is getting popular in the community.
Data collected and transmitted by Snow Telemetry (SNOTEL) stations and from manual collection sites are processed rigidly for quality and packaged in both raw and formatted versions. The basic SNOTEL station provides snowpack water content data via a pressure-sensing snow pillow. It also collects data on snow depth, all-season precipitation accumulation and air temperature with daily maximums, minimums and averages. Many enhanced stations are also equipped to take soil moisture and temperature measurements at standard depths of 4”, 8” and 20”.
Water - Rivers/Streams/Groundwater/Oceans
This site provides access to EPA's data sources organized by subject. Sources cover ground water, surface water, wastewater, and water pollution.
The NorWeST webpage hosts stream temperature data and geospatial map outputs from a regional temperature model for the Northwest U.S. The temperature database was compiled from hundreds of biologists and hydrologists working for dozens of resource agencies and contains more than 45,000,000 hourly temperature recordings at more than 15,000 unique stream sites.
Northwest River Forecast Center is one of 13 National Weather Service hydrologic centers maintained by NOAA in the United States. This office specializes in flood and water resource forecasting, river modeling, and hydrologic system development. It works with water management agencies to provide the best possible operations of the Columbia reservoir systems.
The NHD is a digital vector dataset maintained by the USGS and used in geographic information systems (GIS). These data are designed to be used in general mapping and in the analysis of surface water systems. In order to make a map these data must be used by a GIS to render the data and then print a map or make an image.
This USGS web site serves current and historical data. Data are retrieved by category, such as surface water, groundwater, or water quality, and by geographic area. Subsequent pages allow further refinement by selecting specific information and by defining the output desired.
This USGS resource provides access to most water data resources provided by the US Geological Survey, including real-time reports, past water quality assessments, water use assessments, and more.
The Great Basin Fire Portal provides information about fire science and technology relevant to the Great Basin region of the western US. The FRAMES portal provides information, data, and tools to support federal wildland fire management agencies in the United States throughout the various stages of wildland fire, including planning, operation, and post-fire monitoring.
The Northern Rockies Fire Portal provides information about fire science and technology relevant to northern Idaho and Montana. The FRAMES portal provides information, data, and tools to support federal wildland fire management agencies in the United States throughout the various stages of wildland fire, including planning, operation, and post-fire monitoring.
The Northwest Fire Portal provides information about fire science and technology relevant to the northwestern contiguous United States. The FRAMES portal provides information, data, and tools to support federal wildland fire management agencies in the United States throughout the various stages of wildland fire, including planning, operation, and post-fire monitoring
LANDFIRE, Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools, is a shared program between the wildland fire management programs of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service and U.S. Department of the Interior, providing landscape scale geo-spatial products to support cross-boundary planning, management, and operations.
The National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC), located in Boise, Idaho, is the nation's support center for wildland firefighting. Eight different agencies and organizations are part of NIFC. The statistics section covers historical fire information as well as summaries of various fires.
Soil, Vegetation, and Land Use
Ecoshare provides information on the environment, ecology, and natural resources of Oregon and Washington. The site includes publications, data sets, code sets, GIS data, and plant photography. The principal partners are the USFS and BLM.
EnviroAtlas is a collection of interactive tools and resources that allows users to explore the many benefits people receive from nature, often referred to as ecosystem services. It is a collaborative project developed by EPA, in cooperation with the US Geological Survey (USGS), the USDA NRCS and USFS, and Landscope America
In this USFS database, FIA reports on status and trends in forest area and location; in the species, size, and health of trees; in total tree growth, mortality, and removals by harvest; in wood production and utilization rates by various products; and in forest land ownership.
The Integrated Landscape Assessment Project (ILAP) produced databases, reports, maps, analyses, and other information showing mid- to broad-scale vegetation conditions and potential future trends, key wildlife habitat conditions and trends, wildfire hazard, potential economic value of products that might be generated during vegetation management, and other critical information for all lands and all major upland vegetation types in Arizona, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington.
This BLM database provides annual reports detailing information on: land resources, healthy and productive lands, commercial uses and revenues generated: patents, grazing, forest products, timber, oil, gas, geothermal, minerals, recreation and leisure activities, natural and cultural heritage preservations, natural conservation system lands, rivers, trails, land exchanges and acquisitions, wild horses and burros, special management area, public health, safety, and resource protection.
Urban forest data are collected from across the United States based on top-down aerial approaches and bottom-up field data collection as part of the national Resource Planning Act (RPA) assessment. Data tables are provided in Excel format. GIS data files are also included with the state data.
EROS contains a large collection of remotely sensed land images of the United States. It spans from 1930s aerial imagery to current hourly additions of satellite images, including elevation and land cover datasets, digitized maps, and various types of imagery.
The suite of data products and visualization tools presented here are developed as part of a national ecosystem assessment conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The data products were designed to support national (all states) estimations and projections of carbon stocks and sequestration in ecosystems, and regional (the EPA ecoregions) science and land management applications.
The USDA NRCS provides the Web Soil Survey database in order provide the nation with continually updated soil survey data. The surveys contain maps with soil boundaries and photos, descriptions, and tables of soil properties and features. The Web Soil Survey allows customers to prepare reports for their particular area of interest, save a digital copy, and/or print a copy.
BISON is a collection of species occurrence data developed through a partnership of the USGS Core Science, Analytics, Synthesis, and Libraries program and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The system organizes millions of species occurrence records onto an easy to use map interface.
In the GPDD database maintained by the Centre for Population Biology at Imperial College, London, thousands of species animal and plant population data can be accessed. The type of data contained in the GPDD varies enormously, from annual counts of mammals or birds at individual sampling sites, to weekly counts of zooplankton and other marine fauna.
In this database maintained by the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, you can find varying amounts of data relating to a wide range of plant and animal species. All data is supported by peer-reviewed scientific publications. The data can be browsed using a map interface and downloaded in a variety of formats.
The GAP species data includes vertebrate range maps and distribution models for the continental United States, as well as Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands. The vertebrate species include amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles. Furthermore, data used to create the distribution models (for example, percent canopy cover, elevation, and so forth) also are available.
FishBase is an information system with key data on the biology of all fishes. This includes species identification keys, morphometric data, a summary of growth and mortality information for each species, and a summary of biological data on each species.
The Columbia Basin PIT Tag Information System (PTAGIS) is the centralized database for PIT-tagged fish in the Columbia River Basin. PTAGIS provides custom software for contributors to collect tagging and interrogation data, manages the database, and coordinates with fishery agencies and organizations.
StreamNet is a cooperative information management and data dissemination project focused on fisheries and aquatic related data and data related services in the Columbia River basin and the Pacific Northwest. Data are provided in tabular format and as maps and GIS layers. Information is available through the online data query system, interactive mapping applications, the Data Store, or by custom request.
The AKN – a partnership of numerous organizations including Point Blue Conservation Science, the Klamath Bird Observatory, and the Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory – has brought together bird-monitoring (point-count, area search, distance sampling, transect sampling, nest success), bird-banding, and broad-scale citizen-based bird-surveillance data. Numerous tools and datasets are available.
In this database maintained by BirdLife International’s Global Species Programme, the Data Zone collates and analyses information on all the world’s birds in order to set priorities for action, through species-specific initiatives, safeguarding of sites, campaigns and policy interventions. BirdLife is the IUCN Red List authority for birds, classifying species in terms of the risk of extinction.
The BBS is a cooperative effort between the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center and Environment Canada's Canadian Wildlife Service to monitor the status and trends of North American bird populations. Following a rigorous protocol, BBS data are collected by thousands of dedicated participants along thousands of randomly established roadside routes throughout the continent
Vulnerability and Adaptation
CAKE aims to build a shared knowledge base for managing natural and built systems in the face of rapid climate change. It consists of case studies, a virtual library, and directories of people and tools.
The project is developing a digital database of inherent climate‐change sensitivities for species and habitats of concern throughout the Pacific Northwest and will promote convenient analysis and illustration of possible effects at various landscape scales. The study area covers Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
In this database maintained by Point Blue Conservation Science, maps are provided on the potential effects of climate change on bird communities. Climate models are combined with bird data, provided by the Avian Knowledge Network.
The U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit provides scientific tools, information, and expertise to help people manage their climate-related risks and opportunities, and improve their resilience to extreme events. The site is designed to serve interested citizens, communities, businesses, resource managers, planners, and policy leaders at all levels of government.
This product from the U.S. Census Bureau provides access to data from the American Community Survey, American Housing Survey, Annual Economic Surveys, Decennial Census, Economics Census, and more.
The Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US) is a geodatabase that illustrates and describes public land ownership, management and conservation lands nationally, including voluntarily provided privately protected areas. The lands included in PAD-US are assigned conservation measures that qualify their intent to manage lands for the preservation of biological diversity and to other natural, recreational and cultural uses; managed for these purposes through legal or other effective means.
From a study from Jon Krosnick of Stanford University’s Woods Institute for the Environment, these reports provide the results of a series of public opinion surveys, measured via a series of random digital dial telephone surveys and Internet surveys of nationally representative probability samples of American adults, statistically adjusted for data collection mode, survey topic, and changes in opinions over time. Covers Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington.
INSIDE Idaho is the official geospatial data clearinghouse for the State of Idaho. INSIDE Idaho serves as a comprehensive geospatial data digital library, providing access to, and a context within which to use, geospatial data and information by, for, and about Idaho.
Geographers at the Montana State Library develop, collect, support, deliver, and promote Montana geographic information and data in Montana and beyond. The clearinghouse contains the Montana Spatial Data Infrastructure, a collection of the best available datasets that meet the needs of the state.
Oregon Explorer, a collaborative effort between Oregon State University Libraries and the Institute for Natural Resources, integrates data and content to inform decision-making. It is a comprehensive digital library of Oregon's natural resources. This state-of-the-art, Web-based resource uses advanced information technology to access and integrate data from state and federal agencies, local governments, university scientists, citizens, and K-12 educators and students. It supports informed decisions and actions by people concerned with Oregon's natural resources and environment.
The Washington State Geospatial Data Archive (WAGDA) is a space to locate geospatial data for the state of Washington. Maintained by The Map Collection & Cartographic Information Services, University of Washington Libraries, this site also contains selected non-Washington geospatial data sets that have been created by students and researchers at the University of Washington.
The Landscape Conservation Management and Analysis Portal, LC MAP, provides a collaborative virtual workspace allowing partners of the Great Northern LCC to securely share, access, and analyze common datasets and information to further coordinated research, management, and resource conservation. LC MAP supports large landscape conservation in several ways
The Data Entry for Project Tracking and Highlighting (DEPTH) web portal allows users to easily query, view, filter, and edit project records from National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Centers projects. DEPTH can be used to view the status of various projects. An account is required to view the data.
ScienceBase serves as the official repository of data produced by projects funded by the National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Centers, including the Northwest Climate Science Center. Data of a range of types, topics, and formats are available freely for download. ScienceBase also increasingly serves as the home of data from numerous other federal programs and communities.